IUI involves the injection of specially washed and prepared sperm from the male partner into the female partner’s uterus. This is usually done during ovulation using a small catheter. In order to maximize the pregnancy rates, ovulation induction is sometimes combined with IUI.
Sperm used in IUI could either be obtained from the male partner or from a donor (therapeutic donor insemination). In majority of the cases, commercial sperm banks are the source of donor sperm. Sperm banks keep a record of the personal / physical details of the donor such as ethnic/racial background, physical characteristics, education and medical history, They are also tested for sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, gonorrhea, hepatitis, Chlamydia and others.
Ideal candidates for IUI include
- Couples where in the sperm from the male partner cannot be used as it carries a genetic disorder.
- Couples wherein the male partner is deficient in sperm.
- women without partners
- lesbian couples